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White Papers

White Papers

View or download our white papers here. All white papers are freely available to registered users.

Reusable Medical Devices
Cleaning and Sterilisation Validations for Reusable Medical Devices

This process involves ensuring cleaning procedures used to clean medical devices and instruments are effective at removing contaminants and microbes

Minimum Inhibitory Concentration Testing for Antimicrobials

Lucideon can support in determining the optimum concentration of an antimicrobial product required to kill specific microbes

Power Station
Encapsulation Using Adapted Geopolymer Formulations Based on Foundation Industry Wastes

Lucideon has developed geopolymer formulations for diverse applications and has built the understanding to control important characteristics

Additive Manufacturing of Ceramics - How New Applications and Improved Performance can be Unlocked Through Design Freedom

This white paper introduces the most common methods for ceramic additive manufacturing

Geopolymer Matrix Composites for use at High Temperature - Fabrication, Properties and Applications

Geopolymer matrix composites are a group of materials which bridge the temperature performance gap between reinforced polymers and ceramic matrix composites

Encapsulation of Wastes Using Adapted Geopolymer Formulations

A geopolymer formulation characterized by a low initial viscosity, suitable to immobilise a wide range of waste types such as oils, chemicals and solid waste, is introduced and characterised

Protecting Products and Patients in Today's Prescription Drug Abuse Epidemic

In this white paper, we discuss the journey behind Lucideon's proprietary iCRT-deter technology

Additive Manufacturing of Ceramics

Additive Manufacturing can provide innovative forming opportunities and can offer the potential of being able to be integrated alongside traditional methods

Installing Refractory Linings in Petrochemical Units - Quality, not Compromise

This white paper provides tips on what to look out for when installing refractory linings in petrochemical units

Concreting Process
The Concreting Process and Petrographic Examination

This white paper provides a broad overview of the concreting process and discusses common deficiencies and degradation mechanisms in hardened concrete structures that require petrographic examination

The Whys & Whats of Scale-Up

This paper gives an overview of the scale up process, highlighting possible drawbacks and best practice

Lithium-Ion Battery
Lithium-Ion Batteries: Achieving High Performance and Optimal Life-Time at the Cell and Packaging Level

This white paper looks at the challenges relating to materials and processing optimisation in lithium-ion batteries

Materials Choices
Understanding Materials Choices, their Performance and Selection

This paper sets out to affirm the value of material characterisation in product and process development activities in technology based industries

Milling Processes
Milling Processes and Techniques

This white paper discusses milling options, their advantages and disadvantages, as well as focusing on how the milling process can help to control key characteristics to optimize the properties of end products in manufacturing processes

ToFSIMS Imaging
Chemical Imaging of Industrial and Healthcare Materials by ToFSIMS

This white paper discusses the power of ToFSIMS across a range of different industries and materials and the specific information and value provided

Digital Image Correlation
The Use of Digital Image Correlation in Masonry Research

Digital Image Correlation is a technique that can deliver video footage of the strain development on the surface of a material due to loading or other actions

Drying Processes - the Balance Between Efficiency and Product Quality

Drying is an important process in almost all industry sectors, including ceramics, pharmaceutical, food, chemical, construction and semiconductors

The Value of Drying - Choosing the Right Equipment and Methods

Drying is an important and often necessary unit operation for many processes, determining the quality of the final product and its shelf life

Orthopaedic Implant
Your Metal Component has Failed in Fatigue: What do you do next?

This white paper provides an introduction to the theory behind fatigue in general, and the factors that affect how materials perform in fatigue

Offsite Construction
Offsite Construction: The Relevance of Full Scale Testing

The purpose of this paper is to show some examples where the results from whole building tests have demonstrated distinct improvements in performance

Single Use Systems
Single Use Systems in the Pharmaceutical Industry - Advantages and Considerations

In this white paper we discuss some of the testing and validation considerations that pharmaceutical manufacturers should look at when implementing single use systems

Failure Analysis of Plastic Products

This white paper provides some insights into the failure of plastic products and introduces some of the analytical techniques commonly used in failure diagnosis

Design Optimisation in Medical Devices: Materials Matter

The goal of this white paper is to demonstrate the risk of working with the wrong material, to highlight the upside when the right material is selected

Additive Manufacturing
Additive Manufacturing - A Metallurgical Perspective

In this white paper, we will take a look at additive manufacturing from the metallurgical perspective. As with any other manufacturing process, different materials provide different benefits for particular applications

Orthopaedic Implant
Hip and Knee Wear Testing - What the Standards Don't Tell You

This white paper offers additional guidance that could help support implant manufacturers in their decision-making and justifications for regulatory submissions

Low Temperature Routes to Inorganic Powders and Structures

In this white paper we discuss the sol-gel process for making ceramics and glasses

Inorganic Powders in Dentistry

In this white paper we discuss what role inorganics can play in restoring and maintaining tooth functionality and the advantages that inorganics can provide in this area for developing technologies

The Use of Imaging for Claim Support in the Personal Care and Healthcare Industry

Advances in high resolution imaging of both topographical features and chemical species’ distribution have been applied increasingly in the characterisation of commercially important surfaces

Surface Engineering Coating Technology and Characterisation of the Surface Region

In this white paper, we review some of the industrial applications of surface engineering and the techniques used to define the topography and chemical composition of the surface and subsurface regions

Wear Testing
Extremity Wear Testing - Total Ankle and Shoulder Replacement Testing

Wear simulation for implantable knee, hip and intervertebral spinal disc prostheses have all been well documented and standardised tests methods have been created to assess the performance of these medical device implants

Digital Image Correlation
Digital Image Correlation and its Benefits to Industry

The applications of Digital Image Correlation are vast, from eyeball pressure testing to earthquake analysis

Digital Image Correlation for Construction

This white paper focuses on potential applications for Digital Image Correlation in the  construction industry

The Applications of Digital Image Correlation Technology in Healthcare

This paper will explore the applications of Digital Image Correlation technology in the healthcare sector

Quality by Design for the Pharmaceutical Industry

The concept of Quality by Design (QbD) is not a new idea but it is only in recent years that it has been considered for all aspects of the development process for pharmaceutical products

The Advantages of Including Adverse Event Wear Testing in the Design of Orthopaedic Implants

In this white paper we look at why the testing of implants is so important. Traditional test methods and their limitations are detailed and adverse event testing is discussed

Abuse Deterrence for the Pharmaceutical Market

This white paper explores the market drivers for abuse deterrence and identifies possible solutions

Composite Materials
Lucideon's Guide to Composites

Composites are being used more and more in many different industries, thanks to the enhanced properties that are realised from the combining of materials

Tribology and Testing of Orthopaedic Implants

In this white paper we review the key tribology & testing techniques available for orthopaedic implants

Measuring the Chemical & Physical Properties of Human Hair Surfaces

The surface characterisation of hair fibres can deliver important insights into the performance of hair care products and in the development of improved product formulations

Solving Problems by Materials Analysis with an Electron Microprobe

This white paper describes examples of how electron microprobe analysis has been used effectively in problem solving

The Role of Zeta Potential in the Manufacture of Healthcare Materials

This white paper discusses the applications of zeta potential for the manufacture of certain healthcare materials and how Lucideon has assisted manufacturers in this area

The Applications of Zeta Potential in Process Control

This white paper discusses the theory of zeta potential, and how it can be measured and controlled

Regulatory Approval Testing of Hydroxyapatite - The Benefits of Using One Supplier

In this white paper we look at the case for using one supplier for regulatory approval testing, using the example of hydroxyapatite testing

Synthesis Method of Hydroxyapatite

Due to the ageing UK population, increased dynamism of people's lives and growing life expectancy, there is an increasing clinical demand for bone replacement and repair

Polymer Basics: Structure and Properties

This white paper introduces the basic concepts regarding the structure and properties of polymeric materials

Hydroxyapatite bone replacement
Multi-Substituted Hydroxyapatites and the Role They Can Play in Advanced Bone Replacement Solutions

Much research has been done into developing synthetic Hydroxyapatite (HA) as materials for bone replacement, since natural bone comprises HA

Orthopaedic Implant
Investment Casting of Ceramics: An Investment in Quality

This white paper examines the major issues involved with the investment casting process

Stents - New Materials and Technologies for the Future

This white paper reviews some of the technology being used in the development of new stents and how, in particular, computational modelling and material characterisation are helping to improve clinical outcomes

Printed Circuit Board
Surface Analysis ... Solving Problems in the PCB Industry

This white paper discusses some of the surface analysis techniques available and provides case study examples, showing where the techniques have been able to solve failure problems

Surface Characterisation in the Semiconductor Industry

Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) is one of the most important characterisation tools in the semiconductor industry

Medical device cleanliness validation
Medical Devices - Cleanliness Validation

Residues on the surface of medical devices can cause implant failure and poor device performance

Surface Analysis Exposes Counterfeit Medicines

Surface Analysis is assisting the pharmaceutical industry in a number of ways, including counterfeit detection

Light Reflectance Value Testing
Lucideon Guide to Light Reflectance Value Testing

This white paper describes the process of light reflectance value (LRV) testing

Cost-Effective Design using Construction Test Methods

This white paper examines the valuable role that testing can play in relation to reducing construction costs

Ensuring Reliable Performance from Ceramic Components in Medical Applications

This white paper highlights some of the testing involved in ISO 13356 and discusses how recent and ongoing research into ceramic processing provides opportunities to meet product improvement challenges

The Growth of Ceramics in Aerospace and Defence

This white paper looks at applications and potential applications of ceramic materials in the aerospace and defence industry

Nuclear Power Station
Analysis of Detrimental Elements for Non-Metallic Materials Used in Nuclear Reactors

This white paper outlines analysis techniques for measuring concentrations of corrosion-assisting elements in nuclear reactors