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Lucideon Investigates Hair Care Products

Modern haircare products include a wide range of shampoos, conditioners, styling products and colorants. The chemistry of each product is complex and formulated to bring a specific cosmetic or medical effect, e.g. cleansing, anti-dandruff, shine, lustre and thickening. For example, a proprietary shampoo may contain cleansing agents (surfactants), conditioners, functional additives, preservatives, aesthetic additives and medically active ingredients.

Lucideon's surface science work was presented at IADR 2019 by GlaxoSmithKline as part of a project for Topical Toothpaste Application

Increasingly, the development of effective hair treatments relies on a detailed knowledge of the surface chemistry of the hair and the effect of the various ingredients of the formulation on hair structure, e.g. the effects of additives on the surface lipid structure is one area of ongoing investigation. The surface sensitivity and detailed chemical information available from X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Time-of-Flight SIMS (ToFSIMS) are well known and are now routinely applied to hair characterization problems. Although a typical human hair has a diameter of 60µm - 100µm it is now possible to obtain detailed molecular information from single hairs with microscopic detail as a result of advances in ToFSIMS technology.

The Challenge

A multi-national manufacturer of personal care products commissioned Lucideon to investigate the distribution of key surfactant ingredients following treatment of human hair with a range of formulations.

Hair is just one substrate we can analyse to provide powerful insight, you might also be interested in:

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What We Delivered

Lucideon used ToFSIMS analysis in mass spectral and imaging modes to identify the various formulation components on the hair surface. Analysis revealed:

  • Protein, detected as CN- and CNO-, from keratin
  • Silicon oil (polydimethyl-siloxane - PDMS) and quaternary ammonium compounds from conditioning agents
  • Alkyl sulfates from surfactant additives
  • Lipids, detected as palmitate, oleate, stearate and 18-methyleicosanoate species, from the hair structure.

ToFSIMS images of a single hair show the distribution of the key species identified above:

ToFSIMS of Hair

Value to the Client

From information obtained in the study, the client was able to modify the formulation to obtain optimum coverage of the surfactant and other additive species on the hair surface following washing treatment. This information proved vital in matching the product formulation to the stringent requirements of regulatory authorities in major market areas such as the USA.

Could Surface Science Analysis be What You Need?

If you have any queries about our surface science capabilities and whether they can help you to analyse the chemical or physical composition of your products or treated substrates, then you can get in touch using the form below.


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