White Papers

Browse white papers by

  • The Value of Drying – Choosing the Right Equipment and Methods

    Drying is an important and often necessary unit operation for many processes. It can determine the quality of the final product, determine its shelf life or expose imperfections and lead to defective products. It is also very energy intensive and time consuming, so a lot of attention should be paid to optimizing the drying step in order to make the overall process competitive. Drying is the removal of water or other solvents from the product, firstly from the surface, then from the pores and cracks. If done too quickly, the solvent leaves a weak structure behind and this could cause fractures or imperfections, as seen in the ceramic industry. If done at too high of a temperature, it could degrade the product, a common issue in the pharmaceutical and food industry. Moreover, drying can be a hazardous step as the removal of the solvent (when drying paints and coatings for example) can create an explosive atmosphere.

    Sign in or register to download this whitepaper

  • Your Metal Component has Failed in Fatigue: What do you do next?

    Fatigue is a major failure mode for metal components, in commercial, industrial and research environments, and can have catastrophic consequences. Understanding the mechanisms behind fatigue failures, and knowing how to handle samples after they have failed in fatigue, is essential for engineers to perform effective analysis.

    Sign in or register to download this whitepaper

  • Offsite Construction: The Relevance of Full Scale Testing

    In recent years, Lucideon has seen large numbers of wall, floor and roof systems passing through its laboratories, usually for testing to one ETAG or another; the scopes are often rather unclear. The focus, however, is nearly always on the testing of the panels and rarely whole assemblages. The purpose of this paper is to show some examples where the results from whole building tests have demonstrated distinct improvements in performance due to particular details or elements, or simply overall robustness, not evident from tests on sub-assemblies. The aim is to raise awareness that despite there being established testing regimes for potential offsite or pre-manufactured approaches, a test on the complete assemblage may provide surprisingly beneficial results.

    Sign in or register to download this whitepaper

  • Single Use Systems in the Pharmaceutical Industry - Advantages and Considerations

    SUS can make it easier for pharmaceutical manufacturers in terms of process operation and minimizing risk of contamination. Downtime can also be greatly reduced as SUS components are delivered ready for use, and are designed so that one component can quickly be interchanged with another, clean replacement, between runs or when changing to a different product on the same line.
    SUS do however still pose challenges themselves, which need careful planning and consideration to maximize the benefit from them whilst ensuring patient safety and product integrity.
    In this paper we will discuss some of the testing and validation considerations that pharmaceutical manufacturers should look at when implementing SUS, as well as other factors that can help them to optimize their usage.

    Sign in or register to download this whitepaper

  • Failure Analysis of Plastic Products

    The extensive application of polymer materials nowadays is inevitably accompanied by the occurrence of product failure, which is costly for all organizations involved. The consequence of failure varies from loss of asset and brand credibility, to costly legal disputes, and catastrophic human casualties. This paper provides some insights into the failure of plastic products and gives an introduction to some of the analytical techniques commonly used in failure diagnosis. An understanding of the background knowledge of plastic materials and the methods generally adopted when conducting a failure analysis will help to not only investigate a failure, but can also determine the right corrective solutions.

    Sign in or register to download this whitepaper

  • Design Optimization in Medical Devices: Materials Matter

    The development of revolutionary products, the meeting of legislative requirements or the replacement of raw materials phased out by third party suppliers are just some of the critical reasons that device engineers may seek new or alternative materials. The unique and immeasurably diverse range of materials available for medical devices offers many possibilities for design and function. In this white paper, we demonstrate the risk of working with the wrong material, highlight the upside when the right material is selected, and outline what the selection process looks like. In addition to material selection, we also look at material processing and discuss how understanding how the two are unified in the actual design and function of the process is the ultimate key to success.

    Sign in or register to download this whitepaper

  • Additive Manufacturing - A Metallurgical Perspective

    Additive manufacturing (AM), also known as additive layer manufacturing (ALM) or 3D printing (3DP), is a manufacturing method with significant potential but a number of issues. It has been earmarked as the next industrial revolution and has already found some specific industry applications. AM involves three dimensional structures being built up one layer at a time. Each layer is melted to fuse powder particles together before the next layer is applied. This is repeated to continuously build a three dimensional product.

    Sign in or register to download this whitepaper

  • Are 3G Artificial Pitches Harmful to Players and the Environment?

    3G artificial pitches are becoming increasingly popular with a number of sports across the world with the Football Association planning to invest £230M into installing such pitches across England. 3G pitches offer a surface which can be played on all year round that needs little upkeep in comparison to traditional grass pitches. The pitches consist of a sand base with artificial grass and a rubber crumb infill layer which is a few centimetres thick. The rubber crumb is where the cause for concern lies as this rubber is potentially harmful. Many newspaper articles have stated that this rubber is carcinogenic and case studies in America state that there are 150 players who now have cancer that regularly played on the 3G pitches, 95 of those players were goalkeepers who typically would have more contact with the pitch.

    Sign in or register to download this whitepaper

  • Hip and Knee Wear Testing - What the Standards Don’t Tell You

    The current ISO standards for both hip (ISO 14242) and knee (ISO 14243) wear simulation provide well-defined loading and displacement conditions for anatomical joint loading and motion during typical gait. However, a few areas in the ISO standards lack additional information which makes it a challenge to design and implement a comprehensive pre-clinical wear testing program. Researchers in the wear testing field have suggestions regarding ambiguous directions in the ISO standard. The following information offers additional guidance that could help support implant manufacturers in their decision-making and justifications for regulatory submissions.

    Sign in or register to download this whitepaper

  • Low Temperature Routes to Inorganic Powders and Structures

    In this paper we will discuss the sol-gel process for making ceramics and glasses. We will describe the main differences between sol-gel and traditional methods for making these types of materials and the advantages to be gained through utilizing the sol-gel method. The primary benefit of using a sol-gel method is that it enables the synthesis of inorganic materials at relatively low temperatures, in contrast to more traditional methods of making ceramic and glass products. This in turn offers advantages that are being exploited to develop innovative and applied technologies in a wide variety of industrial sectors. This white paper will focus primarily on the applications for new Healthcare materials technologies.

    Sign in or register to download this whitepaper

Contact Us

Get in touch here

Register or sign in below to access our resources.

Register

Forgot your password?